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A Guide to Joint Property Ownership in Turkey

Joint tenancy is a popular method of property ownership in Turkey, especially for expats. This guide provides an overview of joint tenancy, including its legal requirements, implications, and benefits.

What is Joint Tenancy?

Joint tenancy involves two or more people owning property together with equal rights. No tenant can sell their share without the consent of the others. Upon the death of a tenant, their share passes to the surviving tenants.

Legal Requirements

To set up a joint tenancy in Turkey, co-owners must:

  • Sign a deed before a notary public.
  • Include full names, addresses, identification numbers, and property details in the deed.
  • Provide proof of ownership, such as title deeds. Once signed and notarized, the agreement becomes legally binding.


Family Members

Consider how assets will be divided if one tenant passes away or leaves the agreement. Discuss and document these arrangements to prevent future disputes.


Prepare a contract detailing how issues like rent splits and property repairs will be managed to avoid conflicts.


  • Security: Equal ownership rights ensure that no tenant can unilaterally sell the property.
  • Tax Savings: Joint tenants only pay taxes on their respective shares.
  • Asset Protection: Ownership is protected even if one tenant faces financial difficulties.

Steps to Secure a Joint Tenancy

  1. Find a Property: Locate suitable accommodation.
  2. Find Co-Tenants: Partner with someone willing to share the tenancy.
  3. Draft an Agreement: Outline rights and responsibilities, including rent, maintenance, and occupancy rules.
  4. Sign the Deed: Make the agreement legally binding before a notary.

Considerations Before Signing

  • Understand Turkish law.
  • Identify occupancy or subletting restrictions.
  • Establish financial responsibilities.
  • Outline caretaking and repair duties.
  • Discuss early lease termination.
  • Decide on rental payment collection.
  • Set house rules and dispute resolution methods.


  • Financial: Share the cost and benefit from shared rental income and tax breaks.
  • Legal: Equal ownership rights and decision-making power.


  • Control: Requires mutual consent for selling shares or making property changes.
  • Financial Risks: Equal responsibility for taxes and fees can lead to disputes.
  • Legal Risks: Potential for conflicts due to unclear co-ownership laws.


Joint tenancy offers security and financial benefits for expats in Turkey. However, it’s important to understand the legal framework and potential risks. Properly preparing and documenting agreements can help avoid future disputes and ensure a smooth joint ownership experience.

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